Volume 8, Issue 2 (4-2020)                   JoMMID 2020, 8(2): 56-59 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Research Centre for Emerging and Reemerging Infectious Diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Department of Arboviruses and Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers (National Reference Laboratory), Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran.
Abstract:   (1366 Views)
Introduction: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne viral zoonosis with a considerable fatality rate. The virus is mainly transmitted to humans and animals through the bites of infected hard ticks belonging to the genus Hyalomma. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CCHFV in ticks in Shahr-e Ray city, one of the meat supplier counties in Tehran Province, Iran. Methods: A molecular survey was carried out on collected ticks from sheep in slaughterhouses and husbandries of Shahr-e Ray city, during 2016-17. The ticks were identified using taxonomic characteristics, and the presence of CCHF virus RNA was investigated using an RT-PCR amplifying a 536 bp of the small segment of the viral genome. Results: The results of this study showed that the Hyalomma ticks were the dominant species in Shahr-e Ray slaughterhouses and husbandries. In none of the assayed ticks, RT-PCR detected CCHFV RNA. Conclusion: A considerable tick infestation with members of genus Hyalomma, among sheep in Shahr-e Ray slaughterhouses and husbandries, indicates the vulnerability of this county of tick-borne infections outbreaks such as CCHF. Therefore, applying acaricides and other preventive strategies should be adopted to control the tick population in Shahr-e Ray.
Full-Text [PDF 274 kb]   (674 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Epidemiologic studies including microbial genotyping, phenotyping and serotyping
Received: 2020/06/23 | Accepted: 2020/06/24 | Published: 2020/08/16

1. 1. Al-Abri SS, Al Abaidani I, Fazlalipour M, Mostafavi E, Leblebicioglu H, Pshenichnaya N, et al. Current status of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region: issues, challenges, and future directions. Int J Infect Dis. 2017; 58: 82-9. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijid.2017.02.018]
2. Mendoza EJ, Warner B, Safronetz D, Ranadheera C. Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus: Past, present and future insights for animal modelling and medical countermeasures. Zoonoses Public Health. 2018; 65 (5): 465-80. [DOI:10.1111/zph.12469]
3. Hoogstraal H. The epidemiology of tick-borne Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Asia, Europe, and Africa. J Med Entomol. 1979; 15 (4): 307-417. [DOI:10.1093/jmedent/15.4.307]
4. Shayan S, Bokaean M, Shahrivar MR, Chinikar S. Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Lab Med. 2015; 46 (3): 180-9. [DOI:10.1309/LMN1P2FRZ7BKZSCO]
5. Appannanavar SB, Mishra B. An update on Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever. J Glob Infect Dis. 2011; 3 (3): 285. [DOI:10.4103/0974-777X.83537]
6. Telmadarraiy Z, Chinikar S, Vatandoost H, Faghihi F, Hosseini-Chegeni A. Vectors of Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Iran. J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 2015; 9 (2): 137.
7. Chinikar S, Shah-Hosseini N, Bouzari S, Shokrgozar MA, Mostafavi E, Jalali T, et al. Assessment of recombination in the S-segment genome of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus in Iran. J Arthropod-Borne Dis. 2016; 10 (1): 12.
8. Chinikar S, Shayesteh M, Khakifirouz S, Jalali T, Varaie FSR, Rafigh M, et al. Nosocomial infection of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever in eastern Iran: case report. Travel Med Infect Dis. 2013; 11 (4): 252-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.tmaid.2012.11.009]
9. Chinikar S, Ghiasi SM, Hewson R, Moradi M, Haeri A. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Iran and neighboring countries. J Clin Virol. 2010; 47 (2): 110-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.jcv.2009.10.014]
10. Chinikar S, Ghiasi SM, Naddaf S, Piazak N, Moradi M, Razavi MR, et al. Serological evaluation of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in humans with high-risk professions living in enzootic regions of Isfahan Province of Iran and genetic analysis of circulating strains. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2012; 12 (9): 733-8. [DOI:10.1089/vbz.2011.0634]
11. Sarani M, Telmadarraiy Z, Moghaddam AS, Azam K, Sedaghat MM. Distribution of ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting domestic ruminants in mountainous areas of Golestan Province, Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. 2014; 4: S246-S51. [DOI:10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C746]
12. Tahmasebi F, Ghiasi SM, Mostafavi E, Moradi M, Piazak N, Mozafari A, et al. Molecular epidemiology of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus genome isolated from ticks of Hamadan province of Iran. J Vector Borne Dis. 2010; 47 (4): 211-6.
13. Aslani D, Salehi-Vaziri M, Baniasadi V, Jalali T, Azad-Manjiri S, Mohammadi T, et al. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever among children in Iran. Arch Virol. 2017; 162 (3): 721-5. [DOI:10.1007/s00705-016-3162-7]
14. Nasibeh HV, Zakkyeh T, Hassan V, Reza YEM, Morteza HV, Ali OM. Survey of tick species parasiting domestic ruminants in Ghaemshahr county, Mazandaran province, Iran. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2010; 3 (10): 804-6. [DOI:10.1016/S1995-7645(10)60193-9]
15. Sofizadeh A, Telmadarraiy Z, Rahnama A, Gorganli-Davaji A, Hosseini-Chegeni A. Hard tick species of livestock and their bioecology in Golestan province, north of Iran. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2014; 8 (1): 108.
16. Telmadarraiy Z, Saghafipour A, Farzinnia B, Chinikar S. Molecular detection of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever virus in ticks in Qom Province, Iran, 2011-2012. Iran J Virol. 2012; 6 (3): 13-8. [DOI:10.21859/isv.6.3.13]
17. Noaman V, Abdi-goudarzi M, Nabinejad A.R, Heidari M.R, Khalilifard M. Identification of hard ticks of domestic ruminants in two ecological zones of Isfahan province, Iran. J Pajouhesh Sazandegi. 2009; 77: 88-95.
18. Jafarbekloo A, Vatandoost H, Davari A, Faghihi F, Bakhshi H, Ramzgouyan MR, et al. Distribution of tick species infesting domestic ruminants in borderline of Iran-Afghanistan. J Biomed Sci Eng. 2014; 7 (12): 982-6. [DOI:10.4236/jbise.2014.712095]
19. Nasiri A, Telmadarraiy Z, Vatandoost H, Chinikar S, Moradi M, Oshaghi M. Tick infestation rate of sheep and their distribution in Abdanan County, Ilam Province, Iran, 2007-2008. Iran J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2010; 4 (2): 56.
20. Asgarian F, Enayati AA, Amouei A, Yazdani Charati J. Fauna, geographical distribution and seasonal activity of hard ticks from Sari township in 2007-2008. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2011; 21 (83): 25-33.
21. Mehravaran A, Moradi M, Telmadarraiy Z, Mostafavi E, Moradi AR, Khakifirouz S, et al. Molecular detection of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) virus in ticks from southeastern Iran. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2013; 4 (1-2): 35-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ttbdis.2012.06.006]
22. Khakifirouz S, Mowla SJ, Baniasadi V, Fazlalipour M, Jalali T, Mirghiasi SM, et al. No Detection of Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) Virus in Ticks from Kerman Province of Iran. J Med Microbiol Infect Dis. 2018; 6 (4): 108-11. [DOI:10.29252/JoMMID.6.4.108]

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.