Volume 10, Issue 4 (12-2022)                   JoMMID 2022, 10(4): 179-185 | Back to browse issues page

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Offei Addo S, Oppong J, Monikey Achawe E, Baah Nketia B, Boateng Agyei P, Asiedu Larbi J. Filth Flies As Carriers of Intestinal Parasites And Fungi in a Tertiary Institution in Ghana. JoMMID 2022; 10 (4) :179-185
URL: http://jommid.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-489-en.html
Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana; Parasitology Department, Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, University of Ghana, P. O. Box LG 581, Legon, Accra, Ghana
Abstract:   (300 Views)
Introduction: Filth flies can mechanically transmit pathogens, some of which can cause significant diseases in humans and animals. Methods: This study aimed at isolating and identifying pathogenic fungi and intestinal parasites from flies sampled with sweep nets and fly traps from different dumpsites in a tertiary institution. Dumpsites at the various halls of residence were designated A, B, C, and D. Results: Pathogens were mostly isolated from the body surfaces of the flies. The 605 captured filth flies belonged to the two families, Calliphoridae (77.69%) and Muscidae (22.31%). Three genera of fungi were identified, with Aspergillus (91.69%) as the most predominant, followed by Penicillium (5.23%) and Rhizopus (3.08%). The intestinal parasites identified from only the external body surfaces of the sampled flies were protozoans, Cryptosporidium parvum (95%), and Entamoeba histolytica/dispar (0.83%), as well as helminths including Ascaris lumbricoides (3.34%) and Strongyloides stercoralis (0.83%). The percentage occurrence of fungi (57.54%) and intestinal parasites (85.83%) isolated from flies caught at dumpsites D and B were higher than those isolated from flies caught in any of the other study sites. Conclusion: This study confirms filthy flies as mechanical transmitters of pathogens and emphasizes adopting control measures to prevent the possible spread of infections within the university community.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Infectious diseases and public health
Received: 2022/07/18 | Accepted: 2022/12/10 | Published: 2022/12/31

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.