Volume 2, Issue 1 (1-2014)                   JoMMID 2014, 2(1): 23-27 | Back to browse issues page

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Jalali P, Mousavi S F, Rezaei N. Carriage Rate of Nasopharyngeal Haemophilus Influenzae among Children under 6 Years Old in Tehran, Iran. JoMMID. 2014; 2 (1) :23-27
URL: http://jommid.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-43-en.html
Department of Bacteriology & Microbiology Research Center, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5261 Views)

  Introduction : Haemophilus influenzae is a gram-negative bacterium causing a variety of respiratory infections in developing countries, especially in children. Nasopharynx carriers of H. influenzae are the prominent source and transitional vectors of invasive diseases. As very limited information on H. influenzae carriage rate in Iran was available, an evaluation on prevalence of this bacterium in children ≤ 6 years old seems crucial. Methods: Totally 533 mucus samples were collected using nasopharyngeal swabs from children ≤ 6 years old who lived in 4 nursery centers in Tehran or refereed to the Children's Medical Center of Tehran, Iran, from August 2011 to October 2012. The samples were transported in Stuart transport medium to the Microbiology Laboratory of Pasteur Institute Tehran, Iran, and were cultured on chocolate agar containing bacitracin antibiotic. The initial diagnosis for detection of H. influenzae was performed by standard biochemical tests, and confirmation was achieved by PCR assay targeting outer membrane protein (omp) P6 gene. Results: Based on primary cultures and biochemical tests, out of 533 samples, 182 (33%) showed to be H. influenzae positive, but PCR assay confirmed presence of H. influenzae in 153 (28%) isolates 56(37%) belonged to girls and 97 (63%) to boys. The prevalence of H. influenzae in three different age groups: ≤ 24, 25-48, and 49-72 month-old children were 31 (20%), 69 (45%), and 53 (35%), respectively. Conclusion : Our results showed a high rate of H. influenzae carriers among children ≤ 6 years old, which is similar to those of other unvaccinated countries. H. influenzae carriage rate was associated to age and respiratory infection diseases. The children aged 25-48 months showed a higher rate and the rate reduced with increase in age. Further investigation including molecular studies is required to obtain the carriage rate throughout the country. J Med Microbiol Infec Dis, 2014, 1 (2): 5 pages.

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Type of Study: Original article |
Received: 2013/11/2 | Accepted: 2013/12/11 | Published: 2014/01/1

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