Instruction to authors

 | Post date: 2013/05/19 | 

  Instructions to Authors


 Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submission to Biomedical Journals” proclaimed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).  


 Language: Papers should be in English (American spelling only). The past tense should be used throughout in describing the results, and the present tense in referring to previously established and generally accepted results. Authors who are unsure of correct English usage should have their manuscript checked by those proficient in the English language.  

 Typing: The manuscript text (including references) must be written in Times New Roman font, size 12 pointsand double-spaced. All pages should be numbered consecutively at the bottom, starting with the title page.

 Italics should be used in the text for all scientific names and other terms such as genes, mutations, genotypes and alleles. The full binomen should be written a t the first use of a species name (i.e., Pseudomonas aeuroginosa) and the genus should be abbreviated in subsequent uses (i.e., P. aeuroginosa). SI units should be used throughout the manuscript.


 Length: The length of short communications, original and reviews articles should not exceed 2500, 4500 and 7000 words, respectively. The mentioned restriction does not include tables, figures and references. Repetition of information in the text and illustrations must be avoided.


 Ethical guidelines

 Ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section. 1) Please state that informed consent was obtained from all human adult participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors. Include the name of the appropriate institutional review board that approved the project. 2) Indicate in the text that the maintenance and care of experimental animals complies with national guidelines for laboratory animals, or those of your Institute or agency.



 JoMMID observes the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) criteria on authorship, which defines authorship as:

  · Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND

  · Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND

  · Final approval of the version to be published; AND

  · Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

  All those designated as authors should meet all four criteria for authorship, and all who meet the four criteria should be identified as authors. Those who do not meet all four criteria should be acknowledged.  


 Proofs will be sent to the corresponding author to be checked for only typographical errors and other essential small changes. Major alterations to the text cannot be accepted at this stage. Proofs must be returned to the Editor within 3 days of receipt, after which time they will be published.

   Types of papers

   - Letter to editor

  • Brief findings that are insufficient for an original article and are of considerable significance for publication
  • Addressed to the editor in less than 500 words. No abstracts are included and only one figure or table is allowed.
  • The authors and affiliations should be listed at the end of the manuscript text, before the references. The number of authors may not exceed five.

  - Short communication

  • Short communications will follow the same instructions as the original paper but presented in less than 2500 words.

  - Original article

  •  As described above in details. It must not exceed 4500 words.

  - Review article

  • Review articles are taken into consideration by those who have authored a minimum of three of the discussed references. It must not exceed 7000 words, include an abstract and no more than 70 references. The main text should be divided into sections with subheadings and end with a concluding paragraph.



 Title Page

 Title: The manuscript title should be stimulating, concise and informative.

 Authors΄ names: Full (first and last) names of authors in sequential order.

 Institutional affiliations: Primary affiliations of authors (organization, city and country) in the same sequential order with reference to the authors (in superscript enumeration).

 Correspondence: The corresponding author should be highlighted in the list of authors. Full name, postal address, phone/fax numbers and email address of the corresponding author should be provided.

 Running Title: A shortened title limited to 50 characters (including spaces) is required.


 Conflicts of Interest

 When submitting a manuscript, authors are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that could be viewed as presenting a potential conflict of interest. To prevent ambiguity, all authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts exist. Authors must identify any conflict of interest, on the provided form upon acceptance of the manuscript, which will be reflected in the published article at the pertaining section.

 External peer reviewers should also disclose to editor any potential conflicts of interest that could bias their opinions of the manuscript, and they should offer to disqualify themselves from reviewing specific manuscripts, if they believe a conflict may exist.



 All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship must be listed in an acknowledgements section at the end of the manuscript. Financial and material support must also be acknowledged. Authors are required to describe the role of the study sponsor(s), if any, in study design; in collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication. If the supporting source had no such involvement, the authors should state so. Also, if no specific funding was obtained, this should be stated.


Abstract Page

Title: The title should be repeated on the abstract page.

Abstract: Abstracts should summarize the manuscript and stand independently. It should include the research Background, Methods, Results and Conclusion, written in past tense and limited to 250 words. References should not be cited and abbreviations must be avoided.

Keywords: A list of 3 to 5 keywords for indexing, preferably selected from the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH, ).  


  This section should contain a description of the problem under investigation and a brief survey of the existing literature on the subject. 

 Materials and Methods

  Sufficient details must be provided to allow the work to be repeated. Correct chemical names should be given and strains of organisms should be specified. Suppliers of materials and equipment must be mentioned if needed to reproduce the results.  


 This section should concisely describe the rationale of the investigation and its outcomes. Data should not be repeated in the texts, tables and figures. Tables and figures should be presented to illustrate specific points.  


 This section should not simply recapitulate the Results. It should relate results to previous reports and provide interpretations. Strengths and limitations of the study design should be taken into consideration.



 Authors are encouraged to use a reference manager software. An EndNote style for JoMMID is available here. References should be numbered sequentially in the order of their citation in the text and inserted between squares, e.g. [1], [6-10]. The list of references should follow the order of their citation with complete listing of authors and should be separated from the text.

In order to use Endnote software, please apply refer Thomson Reuters reference output style for Vancouver:

References should not be given to personal communications, unpublished data, manuscripts in preparation, letters, company publications and pending patents. These references should appear as parenthetical expressions in the text, e.g., (unpublished data).

 Samples of Formatted References
1. Standard journal article
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002; 347 (4): 284-7.

  • If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by et al.

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002; 93 5 (1-2): 40-6.
2. Organization as author
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002; 40 (5): 679-86.
3. Article not in English
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- og jusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002; 122 (8): 785-7. Norwegian.
4. Personal author(s)
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
5. Author(s) and editor(s)
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.
6. Chapter in a book
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
7. Conference proceedings
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
8. Conference paper
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effort statistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J, Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002: Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming; 2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
9. Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: Subscription required.
10. Homepage/Web site [Internet]. Chicago: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics; c2016 [cited 2016 Dec 27]. Available from:


  Tables and Figures

  Tables and Figures should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.) as they appear in the text. Figures should preferably be the size intended for publication and should not exceed 9 × 12 cm.  


  Abbreviations cannot be used in the title or in the abstract, but can be used in the text (with first use definition), figures and tables with explanation in the figure legend or in a footnote to the table.


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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.