Volume 2, Issue 2 (4-2014)                   JoMMID 2014, 2(2): 76-79 | Back to browse issues page

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Feiz Haddad M H, Kord E, Rafiei A, Feiz Haddad R. A Study on the Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis in Kindergartens of Dezful City (Khuzestan Province, Iran), 2013. JoMMID . 2014; 2 (2) :76-79
URL: http://jommid.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-55-en.html
School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jondishapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahwaz, Iran 2) Health Research Institute, Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur Universitty of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz Iran.
Abstract:   (4339 Views)

Introduction: Intestinal parasitic infections are of a major public health problem in many societies. Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) is particularly more persistent in places such as kindergartens, dormitories, and barracks, where people live and work together. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and risk factors of infection with E. vermicularis in the kindergartens of Dezful City, 2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total number of 254 children aged 3-7 years, were randomly selected from private kindergartens from different parts of the city based on population density. Data collection tool was a questionnaire including demographic characteristics. The children were examined using Graham method (Scotch tape) to determine the prevalence rate of E. vermicularis infection. Non-parametric statistical &chi2 test was used to evaluate the objectives. All statistical tests were done at a confidence level of 95% and a p-value<0.05. Results: A total of 254 children were examined for the prevalence of E. vermicularis, of whom 127 cases (50%) were males and 127 (50%) were female. Out of the total number of examined children, 20 cases (7.8%) were observed to be infected with E. vermicularis. Of these patients, 11 (4.3%) were female and 9 (3.5%) were male. The highest rate of infection was observed in children aged 5-6 years. The highest prevalence of E. vermicularis infection (19 cases, 7.5%) was observed in children of parents with preliminary education. However, one positive case (0.3%) was documented for a family with parents having higher education level. In general, this study showed 19 out of 20 E. vermicularis positive cases were from Dezful's kindergartens located in poor socio-economic areas. Another factor for the prevalence of E. vermicularis was presence of health trainers in the kindergartens. A considerable number of E. vermicularis cases (95%) were recorded for kindergartens with no health trainer. Conclusion: With respect to the obtained p-value of 0.6 for age and gender of children, as well as having equal gender distribution and according to the findings of this study, the age and gender did not have significant effects on the prevalence of E. vermicularis infection in kindergartens. In addition, the infection rate was recorded to be 5.8% for the age group of 5-6 years. In fact, the prevalence of E. vermicularis infection was increased with increasing age, probably due to increased social communication in this age.

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Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Infectious diseases and public health
Received: 2015/01/13 | Accepted: 2015/05/3 | Published: 2015/06/24

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