Volume 9, Issue 1 (3-2021)                   JoMMID 2021, 9(1): 1-4 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Mostafavi E, Eftekhari Z, Jabbari N, Gheibi P. Transmission of COVID-19 between Animals and Humans: A challenge for the Scientists. JoMMID. 2021; 9 (1) :1-4
URL: http://jommid.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-282-en.html
Research & Production Complex, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Alborz, IranResearch Center for Zoonotic Disease, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (679 Views)
In recent decades, some 30 new human pathogens have been identified, of which 75% were spillovers from animals. In late 2019, human infections with a new coronavirus from an unknown origin emerged in China and later spread worldwide. The zoonotic source of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 remains unknown, and there is only some limited information about the close association between the first human cases of COVID-19 and visiting animal markets. Now, bats and pangolins are suspected as natural hosts, and large cats, raccoon dogs, dogs, minks, ferrets, and pangolins as intermediate hosts.  There is not enough evidence to prove that animals can transmit COVID-19 infection to humans, but there are some data about the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 between humans and some animal species.
Full-Text [PDF 1018 kb]   (382 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Letter to the Editor | Subject: Host-pathogen interactions and susceptibility factors
Received: 2020/10/10 | Accepted: 2021/03/20 | Published: 2021/04/27

References
1. Cui J, Li F, Shi Z-L. Origin and evolution of pathogenic coronaviruses. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2019; 17 (3): 181-92. [DOI:10.1038/s41579-018-0118-9]
2. Jones KE, Patel NG, Levy MA, Storeygard A, Balk D, Gittleman JL, et al. Global trends in emerging infectious diseases. Nature. 2008; 451 (7181): 990-3. [DOI:10.1038/nature06536]
3. Yu Chen, Qianyun Liu, Deyin Guo. Emerging coronaviruses: Genome structure, replication, parthenogenesis. J Med Virol. 2020; 92 (4): 418-23. [DOI:10.1002/jmv.25681]
4. Li Q, Guan X, Wu P, Wang X, Zhou L, Tong Y, et al. Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2020; 382: 1199-1207. [DOI:10.1056/NEJMoa2001316]
5. Nishiura H, Jung S, Linton NM, Kinoshita R, Yang Y, Hayashi K, et al. The extent of transmission of novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China, 2020. J Clin Med. 2020; 9 (2): 330. [DOI:10.3390/jcm9020330]
6. Han Y, Yang H. The transmission and diagnosis of 2019 novel coronavirus infection disease (COVID‐19): a Chinese perspective. J Med Virol. 2020; 92 (6): 639-44. [DOI:10.1002/jmv.25749]
7. De Wit E, Van Doremalen N, Falzarano D, Munster VJ. SARS and MERS: recent insights into emerging coronaviruses. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2016; 14 (8): 523-34. [DOI:10.1038/nrmicro.2016.81]
8. Malik M, Mahjour J, Opoka M, Mafi AR. Emergence of novel human coronavirus: public health implications in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. East Mediterr Health J. 2012; 18 (11): 1084-5. [DOI:10.26719/2012.18.11.1084]
9. Müller MA, Corman VM, Jores J, Meyer B, Younan M, Liljander A, et al. MERS coronavirus neutralizing antibodies in camels, Eastern Africa, 1983-1997. Emerg Infect Dis. 2014; 20 (12): 2093-5. [DOI:10.3201/eid2012.141026]
10. Zhang T, Wu Q, Zhang Z. Probable pangolin origin of SARS-CoV-2 associated with the COVID-19 outbreak. Curr Biol. 2020; 30 (8): 1578. [DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2020.03.063]
11. Jianzhong Shi, Zhiyuan Wen, Gongxun Zhong,, Huanliang Yang, Chong Wang, Baoying Huang, et al. Susceptibility of ferrets, cats, dogs, and different domestic animals to SARS-coronavirus-2. Science. 2020; 368 (6494): 1016-0. [DOI:10.1126/science.abb7015]
12. Oie.int [Internet]. SARS-CoV-2 positive test results in dogs in Hong Kong: Follow-up report no.1; 2020 [cited 2020 March 9, 16, 23]. Available from: https://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?reportid=33762.
13. Aphis.usda.gov [Internet]. USA: SARS-CoV-2 positive test result in an in tiger in the USA; 2020 [cited 2020 April 6]. Available from: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/animalhealth/sa_one_health/sars-cov-2-animals-us
14. rr-africa.oie.int [Internet]. Belgium: Questions and Answers on the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19);2020 [cited 2020 March 28]. Available from: https://rr-africa.oie.int/en/news/questions-and-answers-on-the-2019-coronavirus-disease-covid-19/.
15. Salyer SJ, Silver R, Simone K, Behravesh CB. Prioritizing zoonoses for global health capacity building-themes from One Health zoonotic disease workshops in 7 countries, 2014-2016. Emerg Infect Dis. 2017; 23 (13): 55-64. [DOI:10.3201/eid2313.170418]
16. World Health Organization. Infection with SARS-COV-2 in Animals. 2020 (2): 1-4.
17. Mahrous H, Redi N, Nguyen TM, Awaidy S, Mostafavi E, Samhouri D. One Health operational framework for action for the Eastern Mediterranean Region, focusing on zoonotic diseases. East Mediterr Health J. 2020; 26 (60): 720-5. [DOI:10.26719/emhj.20.017]
18. Zhou H, Chen X, Hu T, Li J, Song H, Liu Y, et al. A novel bat coronavirus closely related to SARS-CoV-2 contains natural insertions at the S1/S2 cleavage site of the spike protein. Curr Biol. 2020; 30 (11): 2196-203. [DOI:10.1016/j.cub.2020.05.023]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.