Volume 6, Issue 2 And 3 (4-2018)                   JoMMID 2018, 6(2 And 3): 67-71 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Fazeli M, Golahdouz M, Bashar R, Arab Baferani M, Doosti Irani A, Pourhossein B et al . Design and Validation of a Persian Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Questionnaire for Rabies (PKAP-Rabies) in the General Population of Iran. JoMMID. 2018; 6 (2 and 3) :67-71
URL: http://jommid.pasteur.ac.ir/article-1-184-en.html
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Research Centre for Emerging and Reemerging infectious diseases, Pasteur Institute of Iran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3967 Views)
Introduction: Rabies is a highly fatal disease. However, it is quite preventable. Community awareness about rabies is one of the key components for prevention, which should be assessed and routinely monitored by standard questionnaires. We aimed to develop and validate a Persian knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire for rabies (PKAP-Rabies) in the general population of Iran. Methods: The questionnaire was developed based on existing literature and conducting focus group discussions with experts in the field. Content, face, and construct validity were checked by gathering the opinion of 10 experts in the field. Test-retest reliability was assessed by re-administrating the questionnaire to the same individuals after a 15-days interval. Results: The questionnaire consisted of 64 items, covering five domains including ‘demographics’ (19 items), knowledge about animal and human rabies (14 and 10 items, respectively), attitude towards rabies prevention in animals (6 items), and practice towards rabies prevention/control (14 items). The questionnaires were mainly filled by young (mean= 28.6, SD= 10.3 years) women (63.3%) with a university-level educational background (36.7%). Most knowledge questions had a proper difficulty level (average difficulty index= 20-80%). Wilcoxon test also showed proper test-retest reliability for this questionnaire (PWilcoxon > 0.05). Conclusions: The PKAP-Rabies questionnaire appeared to be feasible, valid and reliable for assessing KAP towards rabies in the general population of Iran with potential application in future large-scale surveys. Information from such surveys can provide insight into adopting prevention and control measures, and would allow us to evaluate the impact of current and upcoming interventions.
Full-Text [PDF 231 kb]   (813 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original article | Subject: Epidemiologic studies including microbial genotyping, phenotyping and serotyping
Received: 2019/01/27 | Accepted: 2019/02/6 | Published: 2019/03/18

1. Guadu T, Shite A, Chanie M, Bogale B, Fentahun T. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practices about rabies and associated factors: in the case of Bahir Dar town. Glob Vet. 2014; 13 (3): 348-54.
2. Digafe RT, Kifelew LG, Mechesso AF. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies: questionnaire survey in rural household heads of Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes. 2015; 8 (1): 400 [DOI:10.1186/s13104-015-1357-8]
3. Fahrion AS, Taylor LH, Torres G, Müller T, Dürr S, Knopf L, et al. the road to Dog rabies control and elimination—What Keeps Us from Moving Faster? Frontiers in public health. 2017; 5: 103. [DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2017.00103]
4. Sambo M, Lembo T, Cleaveland S, Ferguson HM, Sikana L, Simon C, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) about rabies prevention and control: a community survey in Tanzania. PLOS Negl Trop Dis. 2014; 8 (12): e3310. [DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003310]
5. Manickam R, Basheer M, Jayakumar R. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) of rabies-infected Indian street dogs. Vaccine. 2008; 26 (51): 6564-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.09.053]
6. Manning SE, Rupprecht CE, Fishbein D, Hanlon CA, Lumlertdacha B, Guerra M, et al. Human rabies prevention—United States, 2008: recommendations of the advisory committee on immunization practices. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2008; 57 (RR-3): 1-28.
7. Agarwal N, Reddajah V. Epidemiology of dog bites: a community-based study in India. Trop Doct. 2004; 34 (2): 76-8. [DOI:10.1177/004947550403400205]
8. Taylor LH, Nel LH. Global epidemiology of canine rabies: past, present, and future prospects. Vet Med: Res Rep. 2015; 6: 361-71. [DOI:10.2147/VMRR.S51147]
9. McIntire SA, Miller LA. Foundations of psychological testing: A practical approach: Sage; 2007.
10. Rubio DM, Berg-Weger M, Tebb SS, Lee ES, Rauch S. Objectifying content validity: Conducting a content validity study in social work research. So Work Res. 2003; 27 (2): 94-104. [DOI:10.1093/swr/27.2.94]
11. Parmenter K, Wardle J. Evaluation and design of nutrition knowledge measures. J Nutr Educ. 2000; 32 (5): 269-77. [DOI:10.1016/S0022-3182(00)70575-9]
12. Roszkowski MJ, Bean AG. Believe it or not! Longer questionnaires have lower response rates. J Bus Psychol. 1990; 4 (4): 495-509. [DOI:10.1007/BF01013611]
13. Rolstad S, Adler J, Rydén A. Response burden and questionnaire length: is shorter better? A review and meta-analysis. Value in Health. 2011; 14 (8): 1101-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.jval.2011.06.003]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.